Tuesday, July 7, 2015

On Writing, Researching, and Northumbrian Kings: A Guest Post from Edoardo Albert

I am thrilled to have Edoardo Albert on my blog today talking about the importance of factual content in historical fiction. His Northumbrian Thrones series follows kings Edwin, Oswald, and Oswiu through the 7th century. The impact of division between English kingdoms and coming of Christian missionaries enables him to create exciting narratives with multifacted characters. His latest release is Oswald: Return of the King. 

Guest Post by Edoardo Albert 

You know, it’s difficult not to feel jealous of Dan Brown. Apart from the extraordinary sales, the magnificent disregard for language and having Tom Hanks play his hero in not one, not two but, as of next year, three films, there’s the fact that he doesn’t have to waste any time doing research. Obviously, he claims to have spent years researching the Robert Langdon stories but this is just as clearly a clever piece of metafiction on Dan Brown’s part (a very intelligent man weaving a post-modern narrative of fame through the cultural and historical decay of western culture). Anyone conversant with Leonardo, Dante or albino monks will know that, as part of his metafiction, Brown introduces nonsense dressed up as researched fact in order to draw the reader into the story. Then, having done that, Mr Brown sits back, counts his money and prepares the next piece of metafiction.

I, on the other hand, as a humble and (much) poorer narrative craftsman, am constrained: I have imposed upon my story the straitjacket of actual history. Much as I’d like to, I can’t change events, or even tidy them up a bit to make a neater narrative package. Now, I know many fine historical fiction writers believe it is perfectly all right to telescope, edit or alter events to fit their narrative. For instance, Bernard Cornwell in The Last Kingdom alters the timeline of events and has his fictional hero, Uhtred, as the victor in the climactic Battle of Cynwit, and in his Sharpe novels Richard Sharpe becomes the man who first seizes a Napoleonic eagle and blows up the Fortress of Almeida. These are superb books, but it is not quite what I am trying to do in The Northumbrian Thrones series.

What attracted me in particular to this time and place is its liminal character. Northumbria itself was a borderland between the Anglo-Saxons and the Britons, it physically straddled the old Wall delimiting the Roman Empire, and, culturally, the time was immensely significant as the Anglo-Saxons stood poised upon the edge of settled, unified states and conversion in religion. Now, many novels set in pagan England seem to me not to look the facts squarely in the eye: the pagan Anglo-Saxons had roundly defeated the Christian Britons, driving them into the marginal lands of mountain and moor; they held mastery and were a martial, warrior people. Yet, despite this, during the seventh century they freely chose to abandon the religion of their fathers, the conquerors, and adopt the religion of the Britons, the vanquished. This is what actually happened.

How can we understand that? On the face of it, it seems the most unlikely outcome. All the smart gold in the seventh century would have been on the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms remaining pagan and the eventual extirpation of Christianity throughout the rest of Britain as the religion of the kingdoms that dominated, culturally and militarily, became the norm through the land. Yet, the opposite happened. The Britons, the vanquished, remained the losers in land and power, and yet the victors took on the mantle of their belief. In an age when belief in the gods was intimately linked with success in battle, why on earth should this have happened?

The history of the three successive kings of Northumbria, Edwin, Oswald and Oswiu, is intimately linked to this transition. During their reign, Northumbria became the pre-eminent kingdom in Britain and its king Bretwalda, overlord of the other kingdoms of the land. All three men were born pagan but became Christian and, as kingdoms followed kings, they took their people with them into the new religion. But it was no easy process, as I hope to show in my books; kingship was a fraught and dangerous business in those days, and few kings died anywhere but upon the battlefield. Thus, in the narrative of real history, I have an arc of triumph and disaster, return and fall, that might have been written by a master storyteller, and yet which actually happened. With such rich material, my challenge is to do it justice, and make these men and women, who created what was to become England, live and breathe upon the page and in the minds of the reader. By keeping strictly to what happened, I found it actually easier to tell the story and make it real – and I hope it will give the reader an insight into this crucial but all-but-forgotten period in history.

Learn more about Edoardo Albert

Edoardo Albert is a copywriter, editor and writer of short stories, features and books. His stories have appeared in Daily Science Fiction and Ancient Paths, and he has written features for Time Out, TGO and History Today. His first novel in the Northumbrian Thrones series, Edwin, was published by Lion Hudson in 2014; Northumbria: A Lost Kingdom was published by the History Press in 2013. He is also the editor of the new Time Out Cycle London Guide.

To connect with Edoardo, find him on Twitter or his website.

Northumbrian Thrones

Oswald: Return of the King has been recently released as the second book in Edoardo Albert's Northunbrian Thrones series. It is available on Amazon US and Amazon UK.

After the death of Edwin, who slew his father, the young prince Oswald seeks to regain the throne.

The exiled family of king Ethelfrith of Northumbria arrive, after much hardship, on the island of Iona, where the monastery founded by St Columba has become a centre of worship and learning. Young Oswald becomes friends with a novice, Aidan. When Aidan professes his final vows, Oswald and his little brother Oswy are received into the church.

As befits a young prince, Oswald learns to fight. However, Aidan’s example attracts him and he is on the point of deciding to become a monk when news reaches Iona that his half brother, Eanfrith, has been killed by Cadwallon, the king who defeated Edwin. Oswald sails back to Northumbria and meets Cadwallon in battle, defeating him and killing him.

Oswald, now undisputed king of Northumbria, gives Aidan the island of Lindisfarne as his base. But Penda, the last great pagan king in England, is raising troops against him…


  1. Thank you for hosting Oswald (and his amanuensis) on his blog tour. I hope you're enjoying the book!

    1. Thank you for being my guest, Edoardo! I am enjoying Oswald already and hope to get lots of reading time this weekend. This blog has received some great attention. I know that friends on FB and BookLikes where we have been discussing it have added Edwin and Oswald to their TBRs. Thanks again!

  2. Very interesting post. I too have read and loved Oswald- as the Medievalist I am at heart (and by training). I was almost disappointed to be designated a Late Medievalist, because of my research on the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries onwards. I still love the Anglo-Saxon age.....!

    It must be said- I would rather be poor and honest in my treatment of history, than play fast and loose with it for financial gain. It is entirely commendable- if not wholly profitable.... I only hope I can stay true to those convictions if I ever do write!

    It is interesting to note, where changing history is concerned, that the fifteenth century Yorkist King Edward IV seems to have been a very adept propaghandist. According to what I have read, he was not adverse to having people re-write history in favour of the House of York- in fact it was even suggested somewhere once, that he tried to claim that his great-Uncle, Edward Duke of York, had been the one responsible for having the archers at Agincourt drive stakes into the ground to protect them from cavalry attack. Stealing the glory, basically- and people complain about Tudor Phropoghanda.....

    1. I'm glad you have enjoyed reading Oswald!

      Also, an interesting point about Edward IV. As they say, the victors are the writers of history, but no dynasty is more accused of doing this for their own benefit more than the Tudors.

    2. This is true- but actually, from what I have heard and read - the Yorkists seem to have been better at it- one reason being that thier version of events is still accepted and believed by many today, in a way that Tudor propaghanda is not.
      (Although there was someting in that stuff about Richard III having a deformity of the back-as it turns out).......

      It even 'rubbed off' on Shakespeare- if you look at his depiction af figures like Margaret of Anjou or the Duke of Suffolk there actually seem to be a lot of parallels with the way the Yorkists chose to present them, and some of the rumours they spread in the later half of the fifteenth century.

    3. It is not surprising that all kings of this era controlled what was written concerning historical events. Even much more recently, say during WWI and WWII, the government had much more control over what was disclosed in the media and recorded in history books.

      Where have you read specifically about Edward IV in this context? I would be interested in learning more about his role in redefining the Plantagenet dynasty.

    4. Weren't there stakes driven into the ground at Crecy? http://travellinghistorian.com/long1.html Holes were dug
      a foot deep, to trap a horse's hoof, but metal or wood stakes
      were also a tactic. GOTO "Cavalry verses Cavalry" after
      you read up on an archer's equipment at the top! The tactic
      might have been brought up just prior to Agincourt when Henry V
      was asking for advice! It was not invented in 1415 if its being
      done in 1346, to gain an advantage!http://www.travellinghistorian.com/long.html
      "The arrow, twenty-four of which were carried at the archer's side,
      was usually a little less than a yard in length, had a barb of iron
      and was fledged with goose or peacock feathers. Arrows were placed
      headfirst in front of the fighter at the battle site. Archers carried
      a heavy, iron-pointed stake, which driven into the ground, afforded
      a deadly obstacle to the charging horses and their pounding hooves.
      When his supply of arrows was exhausted, the archer had three
      alternatives: he could await the arrival of the supply wagons; he
      could dash forward and pick up arrows fired that had missed
      the mark and lay on the ground; or he could abandon the bow and mix
      in the melee with his sword."